Figure 7.  Reproductive coefficients for mice kept of softwood or hardwood beddings.  Marked values indicate signigicantly lower coefficiently as compared to aspen group (aspen values also shown, p < 0.05).  Adapted from Odynets et al. 1991. 
 
 
 
 

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Introduction
Effects of Softwoods on Respiratory Physiology and Function
Effects of Softwoods on Liver Physiology and Function
Additional Harmful Chemicals in Softwoods
Alternative Beddings for Companion Animals
References
 
 

 
 
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