Figure 9.  Sleeping time and liver enzyme activity changes with hardwood and softwood bedding.  All differences are significant (p < 0.1). Adapted from Vessel 1967.
 
 
 
 

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Introduction
Effects of Softwoods on Respiratory Physiology and Function
Effects of Softwoods on Liver Physiology and Function
Additional Harmful Chemicals in Softwoods
Alternative Beddings for Companion Animals
References
 
 

 
 
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