Permission requested: www.rmcindustries.com/ images/img0001.jpg
Since the September 11th attacks, community planners across the nation are intensifying their emergency response plans. For this project, I used ArcView’s Network Analyst to examine the emergency resources in the downtown area and to illustrate the possible ArcView applications in emergency planning and response in case of a fictional terrorist attack at Ericsson Stadium.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) assumes that a disaster either natural or man-made will result in numerous casualties and property loss. An emergency is declared when an event overwhelms an area’s response resources. The amount and severity of damage and casualties can be minimized with good planning and coordination amongst responding agencies.
Before proceeding with any analysis or modeling, it is necessary to be familiar with the demographics of the area. Charlotte, North Carolina is the second largest financial center in the country. It is rapidly growing with a population of approximately 1.2 million people. Many businesses are located in downtown Charlotte including the Charlotte Observer, NationsBank headquarters, and Ericsson Stadium. Ericsson Stadium is the home of the NFL’s Carolina Panthers. It was completed in 1996 and seats 72, 520 people. It is located in between I-277, Mint, Graham and Morehead Streets on 33 acres of land.
If an attack were to occur during an event at Ericsson Stadium, a number of people would be affected and the hospitals and emergency responders from the fire stations would need to be prepared to handle large numbers of people.
When planning agencies plan for an emergency situation, they assess the number of resources in a given area and the infrastructure in place that will facilitate movement from the resource centers to the emergency. They use this information to determine which areas need what resources and to allocate future resources accordingly. In this section of the analysis, I used Network Analyst’s Service Area function to determine what resources where with in 10, 15, 20, and 30 minutes of the Stadium. Click here for results. Then, I grouped the fire stations by their proximity to the station. Click here for results. From the table associated with each station, planners could determine the number of engines at each station and decide if it is necessary to purchase more engines. Or they could decide to build another station if necessary. I also used the Service Area function to determine the 15 km service area of each trauma hospital. Click here for results. Planners could use this information to determine which hospital would fill first according to the number of beds, ambulances, doctors, and nurses available. They could encourage the appropriate hospitals in this area to make there own plans for handling a large-scale emergency.
In response to an emergency, information about location and direction to the site is valuable. Responders need to know which resources are the closest to the sight, the best way to get to the emergency site, and alternate routes to the sight in case there is an obstruction. I used Network Analyst’s Closest Facility function to locate the trauma hospital and fire station closest to the stadium. Click here for results. Next to simulate the creation of dispatch directions with ArcView, I used Network Analyst’s Best Route function to model the best route from each trauma hospital to the stadium. Click here for results. Finally to simulate a response adjustment, I used Network Analyst’s Best Route function to model the best route from Charlotte Fire Station #13 located at 4337 Glenwood Drive to Ericsson Stadium and an alternate route that avoids Thrift Road. Click here for results.
Questions? Email me. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
*This website was created as part of a class project in the Imaging the Earth Class at Davidson College.
By: Elizabeth Shafer
Advisors: Dr. Mike Dorcas and Dr. Bill Ringle