The Effects of Urbanization on Local First-Order Streams: One Year Later

Kristen K. Cecala, Steven J. Price, William Ringle, and Michael E. Dorcas

Davidson College

Introduction
Literature Cited
 
Methods

Borchardt, D. and B. Statzner. 1990. Ecological impacts of urban stormwater runoff studied in experimental flumes: Population loss by drift and availability of refugia. Aquatic Science 52: 299-314.

Folke, C., A. Jansson, J. Larsson, and R. Costanza. 1997. Ecosystem appropriation by cities. Ambio 26:167-172.

Grimm, N.B., M.J. Grove, S.T.A. Pickett, and C.L. Redman. 2000. Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. Bioscience 50:571-584.

House, M.A., J.B. Ellise, E.E. Herricks, T. Huitved-Jacobsen, J. Seager, et al. 1993. urban drainage – Impactions on receiving water quality. Water Science Technology 27:117-158.

Paul, M.J. and J.L. Meyer. 2001. Streams in the Urban Landscape. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32:333-365.

U.S. Environmental ProtectionAgency. 2000. The quality of our nation’s waters. EPA 841-S-00-001.

Results
Discussion
Anthropology Department
Davidson College Herpetology Laboratory
 
Questions? Email: Krcecala@davidson.edu